55% of the progress made in the fight against hunger over the last 25 years has resulted from the improvement in the social situation of women.
Women’s economic equality is a key factor for significant growth. India, the world’s fifth-largest economy with a quarter of the world’s hungry people, would gain 16% of GDP and sub-Saharan Africa 12%. (sources United Nations 2013 - McKinsey Global Institute 2016).
Hunger remains the number one health problem in the world: 821 million humans suffer from chronic hunger mainly in Southern Asia and Africa where famine, alarmingly, is returning, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa and the Horn of Africa.
where India alone accounts for nearly a quarter of human suffering from hunger. Despite its economic dynamism (fifth world power), more than 195 million Indians are suffering from hunger.
The most developed countries also are affected by food insecurity
For example, in the United States, 42 million Americans (about 13% of the population) depend on food aid as do more than 8 million people in the United Kingdom and 5 million people in France. In these countries, new beneficiaries of food aid have emerged: low-income workers, single mothers with children, retirees and students.
Experts say that current agricultural production can feed 12 billion people, 60% more than the current world population. Hunger is not inevitable, but the result of political instability, internal conflicts, speculation on agricultural property, absence and / or lack of access to water, wastage… aggravated by global warming, natural disasters and poverty.
90% of the farms in the world are family-run, that is, managed by an individual or a family. These 500 million family farms are vital to solving the problem of hunger as they produce about 80% of the world’s food and provide more than 60% of employment in developing countries. They stimulate local economies while guaranteeing sustainable agricultural production. Sufficient access to land, equipment, seeds, good agricultural techniques and practices, financing and markets are some of the performance issues for these small family farms to increase productivity. (source: FAO “Feeding the world, preserving the planet” - 12/2014)
For girls, one year of additional primary education results in an additional 10 to 20% of salary, or even 25% with an additional year of secondary education. With a higher level of education for women, hunger could decline by 43%. (source : World Food Programme).
health and education for their families, compared with only 30 to 40% for a man. The more women control the family budget, the more likely their children are to survive.